Category Archives: History Articles

The Theory of Evolution Isn’t New

The Bible tells us there is nothing new under the sun.

I recently learned that the Theory of Evolution isn’t new. The ancient Greeks believed that lower forms of life evolved into higher forms of life while other Greeks believed the world was “intelligently designed.” Even St. Augustine said you can’t take the Book of Genesis literally; it should be interpreted as an allegory, which many liberals would agree with.

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a famous naturalist, described the course of life on earth as an evolutionary process; even kindness could be inherited.

Charles Lyell, a geologist, said the earth had evolved. Darwin’s grandfather also believed in evolution. Truly, the 19th century was the age of evolutionary thought. After all, man had evolved from cavemen. Now there were great advances in science and technology.

Then God reminds us that we’re not gods at all. We built skyscrapers like great mountains against a red horizon. Then the Titanic sinks and shocks the world. We built airplanes and made trans-Atlantic flights. Then airplanes were used as dive-bombers to murder innocent civilians, sadly depicted by Picasso’s Guernica, a painting that became famous overnight for depicting total war.

Then why does Darwin get all the credit for the Theory of Evolution?

Honestly, I don’t know. These ideas have been around since the ancient Greeks, and the same old arguments about evolution and intelligent design continue to this day.

Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

The Exploitation of People in History

My mother worked for a Jewish businessman back in the 1960s. As a little kid, Mr. B, who resembled Harry Carey, invited us into his office to give us soda pop from his mini-frig. He fawned over us as if we were his own grandkids. He was the kindest man.

Mr. B grew up in a wealthy Jewish neighborhood on Chicago’s South Side. Once these tree-crowned boulevards were lined with mansions. Now they are black neighborhoods where you take your life in your hands because of gang warfare. Mr. B told my mom that Jewish people are sympathetic toward African-Americans because they share a similar history. Indeed, many former Jewish neighborhoods are now black.

So, is there a parallel between Jewish people and African-Americans?

Let’s take a look:

  • Both Jews and African-Americans were slaves
  • In Europe, Jews couldn’t join guilds or own property. American slaves were property.
  • Jews were segregated into ghettos. Today, there are black ghettos.
  • European Jews could only drink out of designated fountains. In other words, there were fountains for Jews and non-Jews. Same as American segregation.
  • Throughout history, Jews were expelled from European countries for various “offenses,” all proven to be false
  • Intermarriage with Jews was forbidden. In the Middle Ages, Jewish men were castrated for having an affair with non-Jewish women. Intermarriage between blacks and whites was also forbidden in America. 

Sadly, there are many parallels between the Jewish people and African-Americans. I see why Mr. B was sympathetic toward blacks.

As I said, Mr. B was the kindest man, and I’ll always remember him with a smile.

Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

Civil War hero Alonzo Cushing receives Medal of Honor –

I remember hearing about this back in 2014, but I was surprised by Lieutenant Alonzo Cushing’s bravery. Wounded three times, Cushing ordered his battery to keep fighting as 17,000 Confederates charged his men at the Battle of Gettysburg. Mortally wounded, Cushing kept fighting and would not turn tail and run. Reading about his bravery brought me to tears. Alonzo Cushing was only 22 years old. He was a true American hero, and he deserves to be remembered.

Civil War hero Alonzo Cushing receives Medal of Honor from President Obama.

Source: Civil War hero Alonzo Cushing receives Medal of Honor –

Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

1968 Democratic Convention – History Repeats Itself

Though a kid, I lived in Chicago during the riots of the 1968 Democratic Convention. All I remember was terrible riots on black-and-white television. The riots have ominous parallels to today.Image result for 1968 Democratic Election

The 1968 Democratic Convention was held at the International Amphitheater in Chicago during August
26-29. Ten thousand protesters demonstrated at the Convention, the Chicago Hilton and Grant Park. During that year, riots occurred in more than 100 cities following the assassinations of Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy. However, many protesters were anti-Vietnam War. Americans were split over the war. Many young people wanted to know why America was fighting. The same questions are asked today with American intervention in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Thirty-six newsmen were arrested at the 1968 Democratic Convention. Mike Wallace and Dan Rather were assaulted by Chicago police. Security guards roughed up Dan Rather in the convention hall as he tried to approach a Georgia delegate. Does this remind you of Donald Trump and Michelle Fields?

Twenty-two thousand men in uniform were sent to maintain order. This consisted of Chicago police and the National Guard. Unfortunately, the violence escalated throughout the week. One hundred and seventy-eight people were arrested, eleven hundred people were injured, and 400 were treated for mace and teargas.

History is stranger still. Hubert Humphrey had 561 delegates, Kennedy had 393 delegates and McCarthy had 258 delegates. McCarthy was anti-war while Vice President Humphrey was pro-war. The Democratic Party nominated Humphrey, even though 80% of primary voters were anti-war. Also, Humphrey didn’t enter 13 state primary elections, and yet he won the nomination.

Does this sound familiar?…Ted Cruz and John Kasich have stayed in the race for the Republican nomination hoping that history will repeat itself. In 1968, people were shocked when Humphrey got the nomination. If Donald Trump is shy 10 delegates of the nomination, I predict rioting will follow. In fact, rioting has already occurred at Trump rallies.

In 1968, anti-war demonstrators pelted Chicago police in Grant Park with food, rocks and pieces of concrete. Protesters shouted: “Hell no. We won’t go!” and “Pigs are whores!” Does this remind you of Black Lives Matter with their chants of “What do we want?…Dead cops? When do we want them?…Now!”

In 1968, there was division in the Democratic Party. In 2016, there is division in the Republican Party. What happened in ‘68?…Richard Nixon won the Presidency. The rest is history.

Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

The American Civil Rights Movement

I grew up in Chicago Lawn. Marquette Park was one block away from where I lived. That’s where Martin Luther King Jr. marched in 1966. My best friend’s mother marched along with King. In order to become first class citizens, King and his followers were pelted with bottles and rocks.

Have you ever been pelted by a rock?…I have. It hurts!

When my mother rode a bus in New Orleans during the 1950s, she offered a black woman a seat beside her because the bus was full. The white woman in front of my mom turned around and gave her a look to kill. The black woman sat in the back of the bus. Then Rosa Park came along and refused to sit in the back of the bus. She sat in the front because no other seats were left; and so began the American Civil Rights Movement.

We’ve come a long way since the 1950s and 1960s. America has a black President. Some say he’s a black Muslim. Maybe they’re right. Who knows? I heard a news commentator say America wasn’t ready for a black President. I disagree! The people who oppose Obama don’t dislike him. They dislike his policies.

Anyway, I’m glad America has moved beyond the American Civil Rights Movement. Do we need more work to go?…Of course! But we’ve come a long way.


Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

Dr. Ben Carson

Dr. Carson also impressed me during the Republican National Debate. After the debate, the press interviewed him, and he discussed the appalling national debt. What he said should scare every American.

The American dollar is the world’s reserve currency. That means other countries must buy dollars in order to buy commodities. If the dollar stops being the world’s reserve currency, the US can’t print money to cover our debt. Dr. Carson warned that the USA could follow Greece into bankruptcy if we don’t take actions to bring down our debt.

The USA owes $21 trillion in debt! This is disgraceful. For now, many people aren’t paying attention, except for the Tea Party, and they got demonized for this, but it’s no laughing matter.

Could the USA ever face a revolution?

Of course. Economic instability was behind the French Revolution and the Russian Revolution.

The 2016 election is crucial to our nation’s future. No one believes a revolution could occur, but in the 1860s, the American Civil War began, even though people had warned about it for at least 10 years. Everyone thought the war would end quickly, but they were wrong. It was America’s bloodiest war.

Thank you Dr. Carson for speaking the truth.

Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

Homosexuality in Ancient Greece and Crete

Lovely Dovile Gibson

In my book The Preacher’s Daughters, one of my main characters is gay. Dovile Gibson is best friends with Kathleen Sanderson, the heroine of my novel. Not long ago, homosexuals were beat up or imprisoned for being gay. In Illinois during the 1880s, homosexual acts were called “sodomy” or “crimes against nature.” If convicted, you would be incarcerated for one to three years respectively.  However, homosexuality was not only practiced by homosexuals throughout history, but by heterosexuals as well. (Read my post on “Romantic Friendships.”)

This brings me to Ancient Greece and Crete, where homosexuality was practiced among well-to-do heterosexual men, especially if you wanted to get ahead in society. It was common for a man “of the world” to mentor an adolescent boy. Homosexual attachments often occurred at Greek symposiums or “drinking parties.” These relationships were usually short-term affairs; to be continued long-term was frowned upon.

In Ancient Crete, an adolescent boy was taken from his home to be raised and educated by a man of the world. In turn, the boy would be generous with his “favors.” Later the boy would be returned home to his family. The Minoan culture wasn’t Greek. They had their roots in modern-day Turkey, but the Greeks had invaded Crete and obviously brought their culture with them, but some sources state that King Minos had already introduced pederasty as a means of population control. Is this the reason St. Paul said, “Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, lazy gluttons?” (NIV). We know Paul had encountered a pagan world he wasn’t welcomed in, and he suffered greatly for it.

Finally, the Roman emperor Hadrian had a wife and a youthful Greek “lover” named Antonius.

Now the West has same-sex marriage. This is something I never encountered in my historical research, but history is dynamic. Nothing ever stays the same.


Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

Incest and Polygamy in Ancient to Modern Times

People in the West frown upon incest and polygamy, but this was common and acceptable behavior in ancient times. In fact, most polygamous cultures also practiced incest.

Abraham in the Bible, known as the Father of Faith, married his sister. This is disgusting to us, but in his day, it was considered normal. John the Baptist was beheaded for condemning Herod for marrying his brother’s wife, something Henry VIII would use to get out of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. In ancient times, it was normal for brothers and sisters to marry, aunt and nephews to marry, and uncles and nieces to marry. The Pharaohs married their sisters because only “gods” could marry “goddesses.” Reuben was chastised by Jacob for sleeping with one of his wives, but affairs in large polygamous families are common, as testified to by modern-day fundamentalist Mormons.

The Jews shocked the world with their laws against incest and polygamy. When Moses preached against this, he must have been mocked because he came from an incestuous union: an aunt had married her nephew.

Later, Joseph Smith, founder of the Church of the Latter-Day Saints, brought polygamy back into fashion. He not only married single women, but he wed married women to “seal” them for eternity. After Smith was murdered, the Mormon Church split between the polygamists and the non-polygamists, but fundamentalists Mormons still practice polygamy.

Navoo, Illinois, a Mormon settlement

Navoo, Illinois, a Mormon settlement

Now gay marriage is making its way to the United States Supreme Court. As a result, I believe polygamists will also want their “rights” because marriage is being redefined in Western culture. I also believe child predators will want their “rights” too.

You don’t believe me?

When my friend took an international law class, a European woman in her class stated, “What’s wrong with a relationship between a child and an adult as long as it’s consensual?”

This sick logic seemed perfectly normal to her. To show you how far Western beliefs are being challenged, a talk radio show reported that British scientists have concluded that it’s “normal for a man to desire his daughter or to desire a young girl.” To this, a convicted child predator sighed with relief, believing himself to be “normal.”

Do you see where this is heading? Are we trying to justify sick behavior?

Finally, some Muslim men have up to four wives. Years ago a Greek construction worker told me his country was going to pot because “Muslim men have so many children, their children are destroying  the neighborhood.” (Those were his words, not mine.) He said the American Media doesn’t report this because it’s politically incorrect.

Is the Western world changing?

Yes. It’s reverting back to paganism.


Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

The Illinois and Michigan Canal

I had the privilege to work at Illinois and Michigan State Park for two summers when I was in college. As a park maintenance worker, I cut grass, made signs, and painted bridges in the middle of nowhere. My friend and I also painted the locktender’s house from the 1840s. Besides hard work (which we loved), we saw love affairs in the park, as well as people in various stages of undress in the campground. Trust me: when you think nobody’s looking, they are.

warehouse 1850

Lockport warehouse 1850

The Illinois and Michigan Canal transported goods and passengers down from Chicago to the Illinois River. The Illinois River connects with the Mississippi. Irish immigrants built the canal. You can find their cemeteries, churches, mule barns, and saloons along the canal. In Lockport, Illinois where I went to high school, there are old limestone warehouses: one is now an Illinois State museum that features art exhibits (1850); the other is a marvelous restaurant (1838).

Train traffic put the canal out of business. The iron horse was faster than mules pulling barges. Today, people love to fish in the canal, and the towpath is a biking and hiking trail. You can still see locktenders’ houses and locks along the way. I mention the canal in my novel For Such A Time As This. My main character Jill McKendrick leaves her father’s locktender’s house to find a better life in the West.

same warehouse today

same warehouse today


Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather

Prairie Avenue in Chicago

In Part Three of my book Blood, Innocence and Glory, Caroline Delancy lives on Prairie Avenue in Chicago. That was the most prestigious place to live until Potter Palmer bought land north of the river and developed it. Eventually the smell of the stockyards forced the Pullmans and the Fields out of Prairie Avenue, but today it’s making a comeback.

Some old mansions still remain. There’s even Hillary Rodham Park for Hillary fans. Lake Michigan is nearby. My young characters Danette Delancy and Davidson Ames have a romantic encounter in the lake and find skeletons along the beach. Today you can tour the Glessner House and the site of the Fort Dearborn massacre.

What interesting story can I tell you, not written in history books?

Interior Marshall Field's, Chicago

Interior Marshall Field’s, Chicago

I attended a lecture by a man, who was fascinated by Prairie Avenue. As a boy, he sent letters to the old mansions to see if anyone lived there. Could he possibly have a tour?

Well, lo and behold, the boy got an answer. A Chicago millionaire owned four mansions and decided to let him tour his homes. The only caveat: the boy wasn’t allowed to take photographs. So what did he do?

He built cardboard cutouts of the mansions and recreated their interiors. There were amazing, to say the least. Yes; some mansions are gone today, but thank God for those models. We marveled at the woodwork, the stained-glass, and the opulence of these homes. He said a dresser drawer in one mansion still had starched shirts inside it.

When the boy grew older, he wrote the millionaire again. Unfortunately, the man had passed away….He died in an elevator accident in one of his mansions. The cable snapped, and he crashed to the ground.

As history buffs, we’re grateful to the millionaire who let the boy tour his homes. We also marvel at his firsthand accounts of years gone by.


Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmailby feather